Information that you should know about the Euro Stoxx 50 index:
To complete your knowledge about the Euro Stoxx 50 index, here is some additional information summarized in a few lines with some key elements about it:
- The Euro Stoxx 50 index is defined by the association of the American index provider and the Stock exchange of Frankfurt and Zurich through the Dow Jones Euro Stoxx.
- The Euro Stoxx 50 depends on the ranting position of the euro zone only and not on the European union.
- The first quotation of this stock index was made on December 31, 1991 on the basis of 1000 points.
- The highest level ever recorded by the Euro Stoxx 50 index is 5464.43 points at closing in March 6, 2000.
- Its lowest historical record was reached on October 5, 1992 or less than a year after its first listing with a level of 920.65 points at the closing.
- The frequency of diffusion of the Euro Stoxx 50 index is approximately 15 seconds.
- The Euro Stoxx 50 index is quoted every day between 9 and 17h30.
- The calculation of the quotation of the Euro Stoxx 50 is based on the weight of the companies that make up the index according to their market capitalization. This means that the companies with the highest capitalizations have a greater weight than those with a lower capitalization. In addition, the calculation of this quotation does not takes into account the dividends generated by stock market securities
- The institution responsible of the publication and listing of the Euro Stoxx 50 index is the advisory board which is currently composed of 9 members.
- The composition of the Euro Stoxx 50 index consist of 50 different stock values from companies belonging to the 13 countries members of the Euro Zone and which have been selected on the basis of their total market capitalization, trading volume as well as their sector of activity. This index also takes into account a relatively precise ponderation by country and by sector of activity in order to match better the reality of the economic structure of the Euro zone.
- The other stock market indexes associated to the Euro Stoxx 50 are the Dow Jones Euro Stoxx which is the largest index of the euro zone and count with 300 values, the Dow Jones stoxx and the Dow Joness Stoxx 50 are respectively the largest index and the index corresponding to the values of 17 western European countries. These are sectorial indices.
- The geographical distribution of these securities that make up the Euro Stoxx 50 index is the following: 34% of those securities are French securities, 23.82% are German securities, 13.12% are Spanish securities, 12.46% are Dutch (Netherlands) securities, 11.98% are Italian securities and 3.72% are Dutch (Holland) securities and 0.91% are Irish securities.
How does the Euro Stoxx 50 Index work?
The Euro Stoxx 50 is calculated according to the market capitalisation of each company in the index. This characterises the shares that can be traded on the stock exchange. In other words, to calculate the quotation of this index, the weighting of the companies in it by market capitalisation is used.
Seen from this angle, it is clear that the companies with the largest market capitalisations have a greater weighting than those with relatively small market capitalisations. It should be noted that this calculation excludes the dividends recorded by stock market securities.
Furthermore, the Euro Stoxx 50 index is quoted daily from 9 a.m. until 5.30 p.m. On average, every 15 seconds, it is possible to access the distribution of this index.
About the composition of the Euro Stoxx 50 index in 2021
The composition of the Euro Stoxx 50 is subject to change. Each year, Stoxx Ltd re-evaluates the index at the end of August. In September, the company establishes the list of companies that will be included in the index.
The selection of companies is based on the ranking of the 600 companies with the largest market capitalisations in the euro area. Thus, a new company eligible for inclusion in the index must be among the top 40 market capitalisations in the area.
Companies that are already in the index must be in the top 60 to remain in the index.
List of companies in the Euro Stoxx 50
As of 3 September 2021, the following is the list of companies in the Euro Stoxx 50 index. It is accompanied by their market capitalisation on 7 October 2021.
This is the composition of the Euro Stoxx 50 2021 in a few lines. Note that this ranking could change at any time.
Historical technical analysis of the price of the Euro Stoxx 50 index
This period started with a bullish peak reached by the end of 2007 with a level of 4446 points. But this increase was immediately followed by a sharp decline caused by the economic crisis that affected most of the other values too. In March 2008, the price fell to 3500 points before attempting to recover to 3800 points in May of that same year. But the bearish trend took the lead, always with strong volatility that led it to the level of 1817 points in March 2009 which was the lowest record of the century. Fortunately, the reaching of the goal of the psychological threshold of 2000 points then led to the taking of strategic positions to purchase with a gradual rise of the index price. Which tried to reach several times the goal of 3000 points for a first time in January 2010, and then in April 2010 and finally in February and May 2011, each time without success.
The month of June 2011 marked a new downward trend of this index with a lost that made it come back to 2026 points in September 2011. In March 2012, the value regained some lost points and reached the level of 2600 points before dropping once again to the level of 2068 points in June 2012.
It was in this precise moment that a first real upward trend in the Euro Zone’s economic recovery began. By the end of 2013, the index was able to overcome the major resistance of the 3000 points and headed towards the level of 3300 points in June 2014. This marked a new punctual bearish correction that made it lose some points 2991 points in October 2014.
Despite this correction, the rise took the lead until reaching the level of 3816 points in April 2015 after a particularly volatile change. This sudden recovery resulted of course in significant profit that made the value fall down again to the level of 3000 points in October 2015 and then to 2750 points in February 2016 after a tentative to recover to 3500 points in November 2015.
Throughout 2016, the price of the Euro Stoxx 50 hesitated as to the direction to take and evolved upward and downwards ranging between 2,750 and 3,150 points passing alternately above and below the 3,000 points mark which seems to represent a strategic pivot point. But the beginning of 2017 marked the beginning of a new upward trend that seemed relatively stable and solid. This helped it to reach the level of 3,660 points in May 2017 and 3,660 points in November of the same year.
To anticipate future variations in this stock market index, however, it is necessary to carry out a more complete and real-time analysis of the charts relating to it as well as a convincing fundamental analysis.