Trade EDF shares!

Analysis before buying or selling EDF shares

Trade EDF shares!

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The CAC 40 index gathers numerous French companies that are known worldwide and their shares, which can often be traded directly or included in a portfolio of stocks. Among the best known but also the most traded companies on the French stock market is EDF, whose stocks are accessible from most brokers' online trading platforms.    

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Information on EDF shares
ISIN code: FR0010242511
Ticker: EPA: EDF
Index or market: CAC 40 ESG

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Elements to consider before selling or buying EDF shares

Analysis N°1

First, we will monitor the evolution of the group's electricity production and in particular its increasingly important development in the green energy sector, which is currently booming.

Analysis N°2

EDF's market shares in France must also be given the greatest attention due to the increasing presence of competing distributors.

Analysis N°3

We will also pay attention to the services offered by EDF to its customers, which can make the difference against the cheapest competitors with possible digital innovations in the coming years.

Analysis N°4

The diversification of the group's activities and the production of new energies or the implementation of new services and paid services will also be an element to be closely monitored as part of your analysis of this value.

Analysis N°5

Of course, the financial data of this group will be of the utmost importance and will include monitoring the evolution of EDF's debt and profitability.

Analysis N°6

All the investments made by EDF will also have the opportunity to boost its activities over the long term. In particular, we will monitor investments or partnerships aimed at increasing the group's international presence.

Analysis before buying or selling EDF shares
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General presentation of EDF

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The company EDF or Electricity of France (Eléctricité de France), is of course the current leader in the production of electricity in France, and it is also one of the most important distributors despite its recent privatization. Its turnover is generated by several different activities and here is a list of its main activities:

First, the production and the sale of electricity and of natural gas represents more than 75% of its activity. It then comes the management of its low and medium voltage electricity distribution networks and energy trading for 20%, and finally, the supply of energy services such as the engineering, construction and installation of production units or the operation and maintenance of its electric networks.

It is of course on the French market that EDF carries out most of its activities, but the company also works for other countries such as Italy, the United Kingdom and other European countries.

Photo credits: ©gillespaire/123RF.COM

The major competitors of EDF

We now propose to discover in more detail the environment in which the EDF Group is currently evolving, whether in the electricity production or distribution sector, and more specifically, its competitive environment. Indeed, here is a presentation of the main competitors of the group:


This first competitor is an independent French producer of renewable energy. It is mainly active in the biomass and photovoltaic solar energy sectors, mainly in France but also in the French overseas territories. The company is also listed on the Paris Stock Exchange.

Arkolia Energies

This other French company is specialised in the field of renewable energy production facilities with methanisation plants, solar photovoltaic plants and wind turbines. It is therefore an energy producer in direct competition with EDF.


Of course, the competition from the Engie group, a French industrial energy group, must also be taken into account. Indeed, this is currently the third largest group in the world in the energy sector excluding oil. The French State is still its main shareholder since it still holds a quarter of the capital, i.e. 23.4% and 33.84% of voting rights. The Engie group operates in three different segments


The subsidiary TotalEnergies Electricité et Gaz France, formerly known as Total Direct Energie, is also a competitor of EDF. The company is a French supplier and producer of electricity and gas, which has been present on the French market since 2003. This subsidiary belongs to the oil and energy company TotalEnergies and presents itself as the leading alternative energy supplier in France.


In Europe, the Iberdrola group is also a competitor of EDF. It is a Spanish company specialising in the production, distribution and marketing of electricity and natural gas, with its headquarters in Bilbao in the Basque Country. The group is one of the 10 largest electricity producers in the world and is the leader in the wind energy sector. Iberdrola is also one of the largest producers of nuclear energy in Spain. The company is also active in dozens of countries on all continents and has almost 30 million customers and 30,000 employees worldwide.


Finally, the Eni Group, which is the former acronym for Ente Nazionale Idrocarburi, is a privately owned Italian hydrocarbon company established in 1953. It was then privatised in 1998 but the Italian state still holds 30% of the capital. The company is active in the oil, natural gas, petrochemical, power generation and engineering sectors. It operates in 68 countries and has 31,400 employees, most of whom are in Italy, but there are also employees abroad.

The major partners of EDF

EDF has also been able to build its reputation and development on the establishment of various strategic partnerships. Here are its main current partners.


EDF has notably signed a partnership with the company Dalkia in the field of research on the mechanisms and prevention of scaling in hot water network thermal systems.


Although separate from Engie (formerly GDF Suez), EDF has set up a strategic partnership with this new entity in order to avoid the phenomenon of Uberisation of the energy sector in France.


Finally, another partnership has been signed with the Altran group to serve the energy sector in France.


In 2018, EDF signed a new partnership with the McPhy company, which is a specialist in hydrogen production, storage and distribution equipment, whose main objective is the development of decarbonated hydrogen in France and internationally.


Also in 2018, the group has also joined forces with Nissan in the field of smart charging and second life batteries and with Valeo in the same field. There is also an interesting partnership with Renault in order to develop its ecosystem of electric cars with smart charging.

Communities and companies

EDF has of course also set up numerous partnerships with smaller communities and companies, mainly in France and Europe.

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Trade EDF shares!

Analysis and Price of EDF shares:

In order to trade EDF’s shares effectively, it is of course necessary to closely monitor the historical charts, and to carry out technical and fundamental analysis based on the news and innovations.

The price of EDF shares is currently listed on the compartment A of the Euronext Paris market. The price of its shares is also taken into account in the calculation of the Stock market index Euronext 100.

The historical stock market charts of this title provide us with relevant information about its evolution over time. We can also observe a strong and stable upward trend from 2005 to November 2007, which lead this title to reach its highest price in history at €85.50 euros. This upward trend was then succeeded by a downtrend until March 2009 going as low as €27.91 euros, followed by another progression upwards until April 2010 going just above €41.

Then came a new period of decline until January 2013. Since then, we can observe a stable upward recovery, although it is not very volatile or punctuated by interesting micro-movements.


Important Stock market information about EDF:

Here is some additional information about EDF and its ranking on the stock market:

Thanks to the information you just find out here, you will now be able to start carrying out your own analyses of the price of this security in order to speculate on its price and its evolution over time.


What influences the ranking of EDF shares:

The elements that influence the price of EDF shares and its quotation are the following:


Some key figures that you should know about EDF:

To help you make a better analysis about the evolution of the price of this title in the stock market, here are some key figures that you should know about this group:


Evolution of EDF’s turnover and its profits over the time:

Over the last ten years, the turnover generated by the EDF group has evolved considerably as has the number of employees of the company. Thus, while it employed 158,842 people in 2011 including 43,192 in its subsidiaries RTE and ERDF and 35,173 in its "Production and Engineering” branch, the EDF group had a total of 158,467 employees in 2013, including 129,492 employees just in France.

As for the company's results, in 2015, EDF recorded an increase of 2.8% in its turnover in the first 9 months. It then reached the 75 billion euros that year.

In 2017, the results published for the year 2016 showed a current net income of 4.1 billion euros and a turnover of 71.2 billion euros.


Who are the main shareholders of the group EDF?

Here is the distribution of the shareholding of the group EDF by the end of the year 2016:


EDF’s strategy in the sector of renewable energies:

Like all the major energy producers and distributors, EDF has faced some ecological constraints in the recent years and it has invested a lot in renewable energies through its subsidiary EDF Energies Nouvelles. We invite you to find out more about EDF’s involvement in this sector:

The analysis of the shares put in place by EDF in the sector of renewable energy should be taken into account when you trade this title on the stock market because it is a market with a lot of future in every country in the world.


Analysis of the advantages and disadvantages of EDF and of its shares:

Understanding the advantages and disadvantages of EDF will allow you to understand better the possibilities of evolution of this title in the stock market.

Among the group’s advantages, we can mention its significant research and development capacity which allows it to innovate constantly. EDF is also able of doing vertical integration operations and develop in new markets since its liberalization. It is the only group that has set up a real international development strategy.

But EDF also has some disadvantages. It is particularly exposed to competition since the emergence of several opponents following the opening of new markets. In addition, its production capacity is starting to saturate while the European directives impose limits on greenhouse gas emissions.

However, the future holds some good opportunities for the group EDF with a particularly competitive and powerful production fleet and an increasingly important presence in the sector of renewable energy. EDF currently holds more than 80% of the market shares of electricity in France despite the increasing number of competitors. Of course, It benefits from an important corporate culture and is very well positioned on the energy services sector.

Nevertheless, EDF has to try to avoid certain threats such as its lack of presence in other energies sectors other than electricity, especially concerning natural gas which is one of the most widely used energies in the world. The group also suffers from a lower profitability than that of its competitors because of its high level of debt and low equity.


The different activities carried out by EDF:

The French group EDF carries out, just like you have seen before, several different activities that allows it to intervene in all the levels of the chain of production and distribution of electricity, whether concerning the putting in service of power plant or the sale of electricity to particulars. Here are all the details about the different activities carried out by this company.

The activities of engineering, production and electricity trading: EDF is involved in the whole engineering process of building electrical power plants, operating and maintaining electricity generating instruments and even on the dismantling of old and dilapidated structures. The group also carries out energy trading activities. It can thus buy and sell electricity in the world according to its level of production and its needs for resales.

Electricity transmission services: EDF counts with two types of electricity distribution networks. One of its transmission network is also called « HTB network » because it conducts very high levels of voltage ranging from 63 KV to 400 KV, regarding the European and French networks. All the major production power plants are connected to this network, as are the largest consumers and distributors of electricity. Thus, EDF is directly in charge of controlling and managing the balance between supply and demand and guaranteeing the connection of these networks to neighboring systems. The high voltage electricity transmission network also called HT and the very high voltage network called THT combined accumulate more than 100 000 km of electricity lines. This is an independent entity but remains attached to the EDF’s group, RTE, which is in charge of the management of the French electricity network in accordance with the specifications issued by the Public Transmission Network. The company RTE is a subsidiary completely owned by EDF but has management independence as required by the current European regulations.

Electricity distribution services: EDF is also an electricity distributor and supplier since it operates a lower voltage network than its transmission network called “HTA network” with a voltage between 10 and 30 Kv. On this network, we can find some small production plants which are connected to it but whose power does not exceed a few tens of MW. Of course, almost all consumers are also connected to this network. On This network, EDF is not responsible for the regulation between supply and demand it is only responsible of guaranteeing the continuity of the supply of electricity and its quality. This network represents more than 1 200 000 km of electric lines in France which belong to the communities. It is therefore them who are in charge of the distribution, through a company in charge of the distribution of electricity locally or SICAE but the distribution can also be entrusted to EDF’s Gaz de France Distribution, which is a common service of EDF and Gaz de France (Engie). Since 2008 and after the legal separation of its competitive activities and its distribution network operation activities, these activities have been relied to the subsidiaries. It is therefore the subsidiaries ERDF for EDF and GRDF for Engie who are in charge of these activities since then.

Frequently Asked Questions

Is the French State still a shareholder in the EDF group?

Although the company EDF has been privatized for a long time now, by observing the distribution of the capital of this group, you will see that the French State is still the majority shareholder of this company since it holds nearly 83.7% of the shares of the company. The rest of the capital is 13% owned by institutional shareholders, 2% by individual shareholders, 1.1% by group employees and 0.2% by treasury shares.

What were EDF's financial results in 2019?

We now invite you to discover the figures from the EDF group's latest balance sheet for the 2019 financial year. The group's annual turnover for this year reached 71.3 billion euros, an increase of 3.5% and its net profit increased by 57.9% to 3.9 billion euros. The group's non-current debt reached 57 billion euros and increased by 11% and current debt lost 19% to 18 billion euros. These financial elements will be useful for your analyzes of this action.

What elements can lower the EDF share price?

Even if the EDF share can quite an uptrend, it is just as likely to lose points due to certain events. This will be the case in particular in the event of a scandal or controversy which would tarnish its brand image or even if more competitors come to take market share from it.

Trade EDF shares!

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