Presentation of the coffee market
Let's first take a few moments to get to know the coffee market and how it works. To do this, let's start by looking at world coffee production.
This production is mainly carried out in about fifty countries that have the particularity of having a tropical or subtropical climate that is essential for its cultivation. These countries are all geographically located around what is commonly called the "coffee belt". Among the countries that produce the most coffee are Brazil, Vietnam and Colombia. However, there are also several varieties of coffee that can be grown at higher or lower altitudes. Indeed, we know that the cultures in high altitude are generally located near the equator in countries like Colombia or Ethiopia. As for the lower altitude crops, they are mainly found in areas with specific dry and wet seasons such as Mexico or Brazil.
To know the coffee market well, it is also interesting to know the different varieties of coffee. There are two main types of coffee: Arabica and Robusta. The Arabica coffee is considered as the tastiest and most premium bean. It is therefore more expensive. Robusta coffee is more bitter but contains more caffeine. These different varieties are interesting to know because traders who speculate on these coffees will implement different strategies depending on whether they invest in Arabica or Robusta, the price of Arabica being more stable and Robusta more volatile.
Fundamental analysis of the coffee price live:
Among the analysis methods that you must know and master to study the price of coffee live, there is the fundamental analysis. This analysis is based on the factors and external elements that can influence the price of this commodity.
In the case of coffee, the focus here will be on the climatic conditions in producing countries. Indeed, coffee crops are very sensitive to climate change. Thus, a period of extreme cold can drastically reduce coffee production and thus lead to a lower supply, which will in turn affect the price of coffee.
Another interesting element to analyze here is the cost of coffee distribution. It is known that transporting coffee from producing countries to consuming countries requires a lot of fuel. As a result, the price of oil can also have an impact on the price of coffee, and when the price of oil is high, this is likely to lead to a rise in the price of coffee.
Similarly, attention should be paid to geopolitical elements. We know that when a producing country is in a fragile political context, this can cause disruptions in the supply chains and therefore cause volatility on the market. Here again, a drop in production can have consequences on the price of this raw material.
Another less obvious but interesting element in the analysis of coffee prices is the health sector. There is increasing debate about the health effects of coffee, which may lead to a reduction in consumption and thus a significant reduction in demand in the long term.
Finally, as with many other commodities, it will be interesting to monitor the value of the US dollar. Indeed, since coffee is quoted in this currency, variations in it can make it more or less interesting to buy depending on the exchange rate with the importer's currency. Generally, a high dollar will slow down purchases, while a low dollar will increase their value.
As we have just seen, fundamental analysis uses various economic and environmental indicators. But for this fundamental analysis to be valid, you must also carry out a complete and coherent technical analysis of this stock in parallel, using for example volatility indicators, trend indicators or reversal indicators. Indeed, it is only by comparing the signals obtained through fundamental analysis with those obtained through technical analysis that you will understand how the price of this stock may evolve.